"Fascinating source materials..." - Frank Joseph, Ancient American
"...astounding decodings..." - Ruth Parnell, Nexus Magazine
"...really intriguing." - Laura Lee, Conversation for Exploration
"...amazing ingenuity." - Crichton Miller, Megalithic Researcher
"...compelling evidence..." - Wes Larson, Attorney
"...splendid saga..." - Dale Champion, Travel Writer
"an amazing scientific breakthrough...it's astonishing...terrific...fun to read..." - Whitley Strieber, Dreamland, US National Radio
"...a brilliant contribution..." - Gerard IJzereef, Professor of Archaeology
HOW THE SUN GOD REACHED AMERICA c. 2500 BC
by Dr Reinoud M. de Jonge and Jay Stuart Wakefield
MCS Inc., USA, 2002
ISBN 0-917054-19-9 (384pp l/f tpb)
"Authors Reinoud de Jonge, a Dutch physical chemist, and Jay Wakefield, an American biologist, share a passion for megalithic culture and ancient seafaring history. For this collaboration, four years in the making, they visited and/or analysed over a dozen archaeological sites in Europe and North America containing megalithic stones bearing inscriptions, purposefully positioned menhirs and astronomically aligned shafts, mounds and circles.
The authors are convinced that many of the inscriptions, or petroglyphs, are geographic maps showing discoveries of islands and continents across the oceans, as well as being navigational charts with information about latitude and longitude, sailing directions, currents and winds. The earliest of these, found near the Mediterranean between southern Italy and Gibraltar, are dated to the beginning of Neolithic times, c. 6000 BC.
Applying the 'de Jonge rules of decipherment', they deduce that it took about 4,000 years for the world to be explored and charted. The discovery of the Cape Verde islands they see recorded in the tumulus of Kercado in Brittany, circa 4500 BC; of Madeira, on a tablet in Galicia, c. 4100 BC; and of Iceland and Greenland, in petroglyphs at a cairn in Loughcrew, Ireland, c. 3200 BC.
They believe the discovery of America and Australia is shown in a map at Dissignac, Brittany, c. 2600 BC; and that America is part of the Stonehenge code, c. 2000 BC (and even had its own Stonehenge nautical centre in North Salem, c. 2200 BC). The most recent petroglyph, inscribed in a tablet on Long Island and dated to 850 BC, shows an Egyptian expedition to America.
These astounding decodings may well help solve many unexplained aspects of late prehistory--from the prevalence of a Sun God religion and the origin of the Olmecs, to the identity of the New England stone chamber builders and the first mappers of Antarctica."
Reviewed by Ruth Parnell,
NEXUS Magazine (vol. 9, no. 4, 2002)
email - firstname.lastname@example.org
The Daily Grail
Two scientifically educated individuals wrote this book, Dr. de Jounge is a Dutch physical chemist while Mr. Wakefield is an American zoologist. Both authors grew up reading and enjoying Thor Heyerdahl books in their youth. They later met for the first time at the Archaeological Museum of Carnac, France, where they were locked out at lunchtime.
The authors have found numerous mathematical and geometric relationships existing between the menhirs (rocks) composing megalithic sites and the locations of various oceanic sites. The authors hypothesis is that these oceanic sites were discovered in ancient times during attempts to cross the Atlantic Ocean as this SunGod culture attempted to follow the setting sun. Relationships are found between things like the number of stones in parts of the megalithic sites and the latitudes of discovered oceanic sites. Additionally, sacred latitudes for a SunGod culture (23 degrees, the Tropic of Cancer) are encoded in the site as are directions to the Nile Delta. Similar megalithic sites with petroglyphs are found on both sides of ocean that fit into the authors’ hypotheses. Multiple mathematical symbolisms are encoded in the menhirs, which complicates explanations. The menhirs can represent sailing directions, distances, astronomical dates and compass readings. The authors’ ideas regarding site explanations are summarized in the de Jonge Rules of Decipherment within the book.
They’ve also found many ancient petroglyphs (picture drawings) at these sites that they interpret as being ancient maps, the earliest maps we have available today. These petroglyphs contain what appear to be rings of distance lines from the coasts of land masses where the distances separating the lines, in any direction, correspond to distances equivalent to either a degree of latitude or 10 degrees of latitude.
The authors’ interpretations of the megalithic sites and petroglyphs allow them to approximately determine when various Atlantic island groups were discovered by this ancient sea faring culture. They are able to establish a timeline of sailing history, which ties in with established dates for Egyptian, and Olmec cultures. The multiple meanings they find in numbers of Menhirs and degrees of angles at the sites fit in well with the ideas of ancient Egyptian dualism and symbolism in numbers.
I did have some reservations about the authors’ interpretations of the sites due to the complex set of criteria that constitutes the de Jonge Rules of Decipherment. To me their hypothesis would be far more convincing if these rules were simpler, but unfortunately the data does not seem to lend itself well to far simpler interpretations. The dualistic and symbolic nature of numbers used in the ancient world perhaps makes the complexity of these rules more acceptable. However, I found myself wondering if there are enough possible significant numbers in their system that any megalithic site (with ties to ancient seafaring or not) is bound to appear significant if one looks at the site hard enough. I do not claim to know whether the authors’ hypothesis is correct or not, but only state the reservations I currently have after having read through the book one time without having explored deeply into all of the details. Given the authors’ academic qualifications and their careful explanations of the many sites, I’m willing to concede that these reservations on my part may turn out to be entirely unwarranted. In fact, I hope I am wrong about these reservations.
The book references many works of other alternative authors. As a result, the authors’ hypothesis addresses many ancient anomalies that TDG readers are likely to be familiar with while providing some different view of this anomalous information. However, I believe some of these references to alternative sources were used to support some of their ideas which did detract slightly from portions of their argument for this reader.
To conclude, this book offers up a great deal of evidence to support the authors’ ideas that ancient sites represent an early form of mathematical design and writing regarding efforts to transverse the seas. The authors interpretations add legitimacy to the idea that Egyptian culture did reach and influence America in early times. The book is scholarly in its approach in that it tends to present only those ideas that the authors’ are willing and able to backup with tangible evidence. The authors do not attempt to ascribe extremely early dates to any of their finds, and this helps to make their argument more plausible. While the detailed explanations of the mathematics of the sites can make for a slow and difficult reading at times, they do help to illuminate the authors’ arguments for the patient and mathematically minded reader. I would recommend this book to anyone looking to learn more about ancient megalithic sites and petroglyphs, as well as, anyone looking for solid and tangible evidence for pre-Columbian transoceanic travel and trade across the Atlantic. I’ll certainly be keeping an eye out for evidence that supports or denies the author‘s hypothesis. Petroglyphs just became a bit more interesting for this reader.
(p.s. If you’d like to learn more about the book, then you may wish to listen to the authors’ interview present in the Laura Lee radio show 2002 archives. The show is dated 08/26/02 on that page.)
Reviewed: January 24th 2003
Score: Four Stars
Ancient American Magazine
This new book is based on the decipherment of rock art found at megalithic sites across Western Europe. "By 'decipherment',"
explains the authors, "we mean that by counting lines in a petroglyph, or
by counting the number of stones at a site, or by observing the angles
between stones, we have found consistently intelligible data with predictive power, that have provided interpretations of the meanings of these sites, and of megalithic history in general."
What they claim to have discovered most often in their interpretations is geographical information
indicating the gradual spread of the megalith builders from Western
Europe, across the Atlantic Ocean to America, finding new lands in the
course of their folk wanderings. "Of course, the islands close to shore
were found first, starting with the Canaries, off Africa. It appears that
each of these discoveries in the ocean was celebrated as the finding of the
new western home of the sun-god. Once the New World itself was
explored, its valuable metal resources were a powerful motivation for long-
distance trade and colonization."
Thus, de Jonge and Wakefield postulate the discovery of America long
before the accepted beginnings of civilization in the late 4th Millennium
BC, going back instead to the New Stone Age.
Radical as this conclusion may sound to the ears of conventional
scholars, it is nevertheless supported by artifactual evidence for the so-called "Red Paint People," Neolithic mariners who sailed up and down the
eastern seaboard of North America and who bore striking resemblances
to contemporary megalithic sailors in Western Europe, 7,000 years ago. Dr.
Reinoud de Jonge, a Dutch physical chemist who teaches at the
International School of the Netherlands, "discovered that a great
proportion of megalithic inscriptions are geographic. Most are coastal
maps." As one of numerous examples cited in his book, he shows that a
stone inscribed during Neolithic times and found in the eastern peninsula of
southern Italy accurately maps more than 800 miles of coastline. This and
similar specimens he compares to counterparts discovered in Rhode
Island and the Cape Verde Islands.
He and co-author Wakefield provide dozens of photos and illustrations of megalithic sites on both sides of the Atlantic to demonstrate their case for Neolithic contacts between both continents. Their striking
hypothesis seems amply backed by an abundance of fascinating source
materials sure to keep readers returning again and again to the pages of
How the Sun God Reached America.
Reviewed by Frank Joseph
Ancient American Magazine, Issue #45